To create an effective Graph or Chart, you must first know all its parts and what these parts stand for.


  • The Title – Providing the perfect title for your Graph is important. It must capture the whole essence of your data, yet it must be only (at least) 8 words in length. The title usually appears above the main Graph.
  • Axes – Dimensions are displayed in axes. The horizontal axis is referred to as the x-axis while the vertical axis is known as the y-axis. Remember that each axis follows a scale, denoted by periodic graduations. They are also usually accompanied by numerical indications. Each of your Chart’s axis should have a label outside or beside it to describe the presented dimension.
  • Grid – Within the Graph, line grids are used to aid the alignment of data. Grids are usually enhanced by emphasizing the lines. The emphasized lines are called the major grid lines and the rest of the grid lines are the minor grid lines.
  • Presentation of Datamake-graphsPresentation of data depends on you. There are many Graph types and formats you can use to visualize your data. For example, the Pie Chart is much more appropriate if the given data present percentages of certain groups (like those from “agree, disagree, and neutral” surveys). Banks, on the other hand, commonly use Line Chart, since their data usually represent numbers that change over a period of time (such as annual revenues). Other visual properties such as color, shapes, and patterns can also be changed based on your personal preferences.
  • The Legend – If your Chart has multiple variables, you may include a legend. The legend contains the variables that appear in your Chart. The information found in the legend allows the data from each variable to be identified in the Chart.

Making a Graph is easy; you can create one by hand (with the aid of a Graphing paper) or by a computer program.